Microfinance in Northeast Thailand: Who benefits and how much?
Publisher : Elsevier - Science Direct (الزویر - ساینس دایرکت) World Development, Volume 34, Issue 9, September 2006, Pages 1612–1638
مالی خرد؛ اعتبارات خرد؛ تأثیر؛ هدف قرار دادن فقر - آسیا؛ تایلند
This paper evaluates the outreach and impact of two microfinance programs in Thailand, controlling for endogenous self-selection and program placement. Results indicate that the wealthier villagers are significantly more likely to participate than the poor. Moreover, the wealthiest often become program committee members and borrow substantially more than rank-and-file members. However, local information on creditworthiness is also used to select members. The programs positively affect household welfare for committee members, but impact is insignificant for rank-and-file members. Policy recommendations include vigilance in targeting the poor, publicly disseminating the program rules and purpose, and introducing and enforcing eligibility criteria.